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Title:Does military draft discourage enrollment in higher education? : evidence from OECD countries PDF Logo
Authors:Keller, Katarina
Poutvaara, Panu
Wagener, Andreas
Issue Date:2009
Series/Report no.:CESifo working paper 2838
Abstract:Using data from 1960-2000 for OECD countries, we analyze the impact of compulsory military service on the demand for higher education, measured by students enrolled in tertiary education as a share of the working-age population. Based on a theoretical model, we hypothesize that military draft has a negative effect on education. Empirically, we confirm this for the existence of conscription, albeit usually at low statistical significance. However, the intensity of its enforcement, measured by the share of the labor force conscripted by the military and the duration of service, significantly reduces enrollment in higher education.
Subjects:conscription
human capital
JEL:H56
I20
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:CESifo Working Papers, CESifo Group Munich

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