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Title:The costs of organized violence : a review of the evidence PDF Logo
Authors:Skaperdas, Stergios
Issue Date:2009
Series/Report no.:CESifo working paper 2704
Abstract:I critically review recent studies that estimate those costs of violence and conflict that can emerge among organized political groupings, from states, religious and ethnic organizations to guerillas and paramilitaries. The review includes studies that estimate direct and indirect costs due to internal conflicts (civil wars and other lower-level conflicts), terrorism, and external conflicts, including military spending. There are a number of key theoretical concerns on what counts as a cost, and, depending on the methods and evidence used, estimated costs vary widely. However, even minimum estimates are economically significant, especially for low-income countries. This is even more so when the costs of different types of organized conflict and violence are aggregated.
Subjects:conflict
property rights
governance
JEL:D74
H56
I31
O57
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:CESifo Working Papers, CESifo Group Munich

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