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Title:What explains fertility? : evidence from Italian pension reforms PDF Logo
Authors:Billari, Francesco C.
Galasso, Vincenzo
Issue Date:2009
Series/Report no.:CESifo working paper 2646
Abstract:Why do people have kids in developed societies? We propose an empirical test of two alternative theories - children as consumption” vs. investment” good. We use as a natural experiment the Italian pension reforms of the 90s that introduced a clear discontinuity in the treatment across workers. This policy experiment is particularly well suited, since the consumption” motive predicts lower future pensions to reduce fertility, while the old-age security” to increase it. Our empirical analysis identifies a clear and robust positive effect of less generous future pensions on post-reform fertility. These findings are consistent with old-age security” even for contemporary fertility.
Subjects:old-age security
public pension systems
fertility
altruism
JEL:H55
J13
D64
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:CESifo Working Papers, CESifo Group Munich

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