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Title:Why don't labor and capital flow between young and old countries? PDF Logo
Authors:Calahorrano, Lena
an de Meulen, Philipp
Issue Date:2009
Series/Report no.:Joint discussion paper series in economics 2009,42
Abstract:In this paper we investigate the twofold effect of demographics on international factor flows in a model with endogenous policy constraints on both foreign direct investment and migration. Factor price differences between industrialized and developing countries create economic incentives for migration to developed countries and for capital flows to less developed countries. However, political barriers to immigration in developed countries and expropriation risks in developing countries impede labor and capital flows. Using a political economy approach that takes into account different generations’ conflicting attitudes towards immigration and expropriation, we explore how these policy restrictions interact. We find that, in the presence of mobility constraints, larger demographic differences between countries need not result in an increase of factor flows.
Subjects:Demographic Change
Political Economy
Migration
Foreign Direct Investment
JEL:D78
F21
F22
J10
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:MAGKS Joint Discussion Paper Series in Economics, Universität Marburg

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