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dc.contributor.authorWeber, Andrea Mariaen_US
dc.contributor.authorZulehner, Christineen_US
dc.date.accessioned2009-11-25en_US
dc.date.accessioned2010-02-12T15:14:21Z-
dc.date.available2010-02-12T15:14:21Z-
dc.date.issued2009en_US
dc.identifier.isbn978-3-86788-165-4en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/29922-
dc.description.abstractAccording to Becker's (1957) famous theory on discrimination, entrepreneurs with a strong prejudice against female workers forgo profits by submitting to their tastes. In a competitive market their firms lack efficiency and are therefore forced to leave. We present new empirical evidence for this prediction by studying the survival of startup firms in a large longitudinal matched employer-employee data set from Austria. Our results show that firms with strong preferences for discrimination, i.e. a low share of female employees relatively to the industry average, have significantly shorter survival rates. This is especially relevant for firms starting out with female shares in the lower tail of the distribution. They exit about 18 months earlier than firms with a median share of females. We see no differences in survival between firms at the top of the female share distribution and at the median, though. We further document that highly discriminatory firms that manage to survive submit to market powers and increase their female workforce over time.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherRWI Essenen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesRuhr economic papers 146en_US
dc.subject.jelJ16en_US
dc.subject.jelJ71en_US
dc.subject.jelL25en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordFirm survivalen_US
dc.subject.keywordprofitabilityen_US
dc.subject.keywordfemale employmenten_US
dc.subject.keyworddiscrimination, market testen_US
dc.subject.keywordmatched employer-employee dataen_US
dc.subject.stwFrauenerwerbstätigkeiten_US
dc.subject.stwGeschlechterdiskriminierungen_US
dc.subject.stwUnternehmensgründungen_US
dc.subject.stwUnternehmensentwicklungen_US
dc.subject.stwRentabilitäten_US
dc.subject.stwÖsterreichen_US
dc.titleCompetition and gender prejudice: are discriminatory employers doomed to fail?en_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn613585356en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
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Ruhr Economic Papers, RWI

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