Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/28530
Authors: 
Frietsch, Rainer
Haller, Inna
Vrohlings, Melanie
Grupp, Hariolf
Year of Publication: 
2008
Series/Report no.: 
Fraunhofer ISI discussion papers innovation systems and policy analysis 16
Abstract: 
Measuring the output of men and women in science and technology has previously been mostly restricted to case studies or small-scale surveys. Based on an analysis of patent and publication databases, this paper applies a methodology to systematically assign the gender to the names of inventors and authors. The method is applied to 14 countries. The results of this investigation reveal substantial differences across coun-tries in terms of women's relative contribution1 to science and technology, with the cen-tral European countries of Germany, Austria and Switzerland all ranking comparatively low in this respect. We also examine trends over time, showing that the data on women's share of publications - unlike the results for patents - hardly increase over time for the already better-performing nations.
Subjects: 
measurement
R&D output
gender equality
gender-specific patenting
gender-specific publishing
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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