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dc.contributor.authorGrimpe, Christophen_US
dc.contributor.authorFier, Heideen_US
dc.date.accessioned2009-07-20en_US
dc.date.accessioned2009-09-01T09:45:37Z-
dc.date.available2009-09-01T09:45:37Z-
dc.date.issued2009en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/27714-
dc.description.abstractExisting literature has confined university technology transfer almost exclusively to formal mechanisms, like patents, licenses or royalty agreements. Relatively little is known about informal technology transfer that is based upon interactions between university scientists and industry personnel. Moreover, most studies are limited to the United States, where the Bay-Dole-Act has shaped the institutional environment since 1980. In this paper, we provide a comparative study between the United States and Germany where the equivalent of the Bay-Dole-Act has come into force only in 2002. Based on a sample of more than 800 university scientists, our results show similar relationships for the United States and Germany. Faculty quality which is however based on patent applications rather than publications serves as a major predictor for informal technology transfer activities. Hence, unless universities change their incentives (e.g., patenting as one criterion for promotion and tenure) knowledge will continue to flow out the backdoor.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherZentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung (ZEW) Mannheimen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesZEW Discussion Papers 09-033en_US
dc.subject.jelJ61en_US
dc.subject.jelO33en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordinformal university technology transfer, cross-country comparisonen_US
dc.subject.stwForschungskooperationen_US
dc.subject.stwWissenschaftleren_US
dc.subject.stwWissenstransferen_US
dc.subject.stwTechnologietransferen_US
dc.subject.stwVergleichen_US
dc.subject.stwDeutschlanden_US
dc.subject.stwUSAen_US
dc.titleInformal university technology transfer: a comparison between the United States and Germanyen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn605024669en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
dc.identifier.repecRePEc:zbw:zewdip:09033-
Appears in Collections:Publikationen von Forscherinnen und Forschern des ZEW
ZEW Discussion Papers

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