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dc.contributor.authorVance, Colinen_US
dc.contributor.authorIovanna, Richen_US
dc.date.accessioned2007-06-11en_US
dc.date.accessioned2009-08-06T09:01:42Z-
dc.date.available2009-08-06T09:01:42Z-
dc.date.issued2007en_US
dc.identifier.isbn978-3-86788-003-9en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/26776-
dc.description.abstractFocusing on individual motorists in car-owning households in Germany, this analysis econometrically investigates the determinants of automobile travel for non-work service activities against the backdrop of two questions: 1) Does gender play a role in determining the probability of car use and the distance driven? 2) If so, how is this role mitigated or exacerbated by other socioeconomic attributes of the individual and the household in which they reside? Drawing on a panel of data collected between 1996 and 2003, we specify Heckman’s sample selection model to control for biases that could otherwise arise from the existence of unobservable variables that determine both the discrete and continuous choices pertaining to car use.The results indicate that although women,on average, undertake more non-work travel than men, they undertake less of such travel by car, implying a greater reliance on other modes. Moreover, employment status, age, the number of children, automobile availability, and the proximity to public transit are all found to have significantly different effects on the probability of non-work car travel between men and women, but – with the exception of automobile availability – not on the distance driven.Taken together, these results suggest that policies targeted at reducing automobile dependency and associated negative externalities such as congestion are unlikely to have uniform effects across the sexes, findings having implications for both policy evaluation as well as travel demand forecasting.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherRWI Essenen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesRuhr economic papers 11en_US
dc.subject.jelR21en_US
dc.subject.jelR41en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordAutomobile travelen_US
dc.subject.keywordgenderen_US
dc.subject.keywordHeckman modelen_US
dc.subject.keywordMonte Carlo simulationen_US
dc.subject.stwVerkehrsverhaltenen_US
dc.subject.stwMotorisierter Individualverkehren_US
dc.subject.stwGeschlechten_US
dc.subject.stwSchätzungen_US
dc.subject.stwDeutschlanden_US
dc.titleGender and the Automobile: an analysis of non-work service tripsen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn531234908en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
Appears in Collections:Ruhr Economic Papers, RWI
Publikationen von Forscherinnen und Forschern des RWI

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