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dc.contributor.authorMagdeleine, Joscelynen_US
dc.contributor.authorMaurer, Andreasen_US
dc.date.accessioned2009-02-24en_US
dc.date.accessioned2009-07-29T13:27:41Z-
dc.date.available2009-07-29T13:27:41Z-
dc.date.issued2008en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/26726-
dc.description.abstractRealistic estimates of mode 4 trade are virtually non-existent. Based on the GATS legal definition, the paper introduces the statistical conceptualization of mode 4. While showing that balance of payments labour related flows indicators, such as worker's remittances and compensation of employees, cannot be used as substitutes, the paper discusses relevant balance of payments transactions in individual services sectors for estimating the value of this trade. Given the complexity of many services contracts (one service contract may involve the use of more than one mode to supply services to consumers), it provides simplifying assumptions that help build these measures of mode 4 trade in services. The paper recognizes that the proposed simplified statistical approach to modes of supply does not strictly adhere to GATS provisions and explains that it has been designed as a first guidance to provide relevant information for GATS while ensuring feasibility and consistency with statistical frameworks. Examples are given, showing the interest of some economies to estimate the size of mode 4 trade. The paper also presents how existing migration and tourism statistics could be used to assess the physical mode 4 movement (flows) and presence (stocks) in terms of number of persons. It introduces necessary extensions (separate identification of relevant mode 4 categories of persons, breakdowns by origin/destination, occupations, length of stay etc.) of these statistical frameworks in order to conduct a proper assessment of mode 4.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherWorld Trade Organization, Economic Research and Statistics Div. Genevaen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesWTO Staff Working Paper ERSD-2008-05en_US
dc.subject.jelC82en_US
dc.subject.jelF13en_US
dc.subject.jelF2en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordMode 4en_US
dc.subject.keywordstatisticsen_US
dc.subject.keywordGATSen_US
dc.subject.keywordtrade in servicesen_US
dc.subject.stwInternationaler Dienstleistungsverkehren_US
dc.subject.stwGATSen_US
dc.subject.stwStatistische Methodeen_US
dc.titleMeasuring GATS mode 4 trade flowsen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn592433889en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
Appears in Collections:WTO Staff Working Papers, Economic Research and Statistics Division, WTO

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