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Title:Demographic, residential, and socioeconomic effects on the distribution of 19th century US white statures PDF Logo
Authors:Carson, Scott Alan
Issue Date:2009
Series/Report no.:CESifo working paper 2563
Abstract:Using a source of 19th century US state prison records, this study addresses European-American stature variation. The most commonly cited sources for stature variation are diets, disease, and work effort. However, vitamin D is also vital in human statures and health. This paper demonstrates that 19th century white statures were positively associated with direct sunlight, which is the primary source of vitamin D in mammals. Stature and insolation are associated with occupations, and workers who spent more time outdoors produced more vitamin D and grew taller. White statures also decreased throughout the 19th century, and this stature diminution is observed across the stature distribution.
Subjects:19th US white statures
vitamin D
solar radiation
quantile regression
JEL:I30
I31
J00
J15
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:CESifo Working Papers, CESifo Group Munich

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