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Title:Nineteenth century black and white US statures: the primary sources of vitamin D and their relationship with height PDF Logo
Authors:Carson, Scott Alan
Issue Date:2008
Series/Report no.:CESifo working paper 2497
Abstract:Vitamin D is vital in all vertebrates because it allows them to absorb more calcium from their diets, contributing to stronger skeletal systems and stature growth. Using a new source of 19th century US state prison records, this study contrasts the statures of comparable African-Americans and whites by the primary sources of vitamin D production: time exposed to solar radiation, skin pigmentation, and nativity. Greater insolation (vitamin D production) is documented here to be associated with taller black and white statures, and a considerable share of the stature differential by socioeconomic status was related to insolation.
Subjects:Socioeconomic status
vitamin D
insolation
19th century US statures
JEL:I10
J01
J15
J16
N81
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:CESifo Working Papers, CESifo Group Munich

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