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dc.contributor.authorCarson, Scott Alanen_US
dc.description.abstractThe use of height data to measure living standards is now a well-established method in the economic literature, and heights are related with vitamin D. Although African-Americans and whites have the genetic ability to reach similar terminal statures, 19th century blacks were consistently shorter than whites. Greater insolation (vitamin D production), is documented here to be associated with taller black statures. Consistent with the insolation-hypothesis, mulattos were taller than darker pigmented blacks, and most of the mulatto-black stature differential was attributable to age and insolation. Black farmers were taller than workers in other occupations, and black statures increased during the antebellum period and decreased with slavery's elimination, which is observed across the stature distribution.en_US
dc.publisherCenter for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute (CESifo) Munichen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesCESifo working paper 2479en_US
dc.subject.keyword19th century African-American statureen_US
dc.subject.keywordquantile regressionen_US
dc.subject.stwFarbige Bevölkerungen_US
dc.subject.stwSoziale Ungleichheiten_US
dc.titleDemographic, residential, and socioeconomic effects on the distribution of 19th century African-American statureen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
Appears in Collections:CESifo Working Papers, CESifo Group Munich

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