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dc.contributor.authorWolf, Nikolausen_US
dc.date.accessioned2008-11-11en_US
dc.date.accessioned2009-07-28T08:32:15Z-
dc.date.available2009-07-28T08:32:15Z-
dc.date.issued2008en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/26469-
dc.description.abstractWhen did Germany become economically integrated? Within the framework of a gravity model, based on a new data set of about 40,000 observations on trade flows within and across the borders of Germany over the period 1885-1933, I explore the geography of trade costs across Central Europe. There are three key results. First, the German Empire before 1914 was a poorly integrated economy, both relative to integration across the borders of the German state and in absolute terms. Second, this internal fragmentation resulted from cultural heterogeneity, from administrative borders within Germany, and from geographical barriers that divided Germany along natural trade routes into eastern and western parts. Third, internal integration improved, while external integration worsened after World War I and again with the Great Depression, in part because of border changes along the lines of ethno-linguistic heterogeneity. By the end of the Weimar Republic in 1933, Germany was reasonably well integrated.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherCESifo Münchenen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesCESifo working paper 2424en_US
dc.subject.jelF15en_US
dc.subject.jelN13en_US
dc.subject.jelN14en_US
dc.subject.jelN90en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordGermanyen_US
dc.subject.keywordeconomic integrationen_US
dc.subject.keywordaggregation biasen_US
dc.subject.keywordborder effectsen_US
dc.subject.stwHandelsregionalismusen_US
dc.subject.stwRegionale Konzentrationen_US
dc.subject.stwRegionaler Außenhandelen_US
dc.subject.stwInterregionaler Handelen_US
dc.subject.stwIntegrationen_US
dc.subject.stwNationale Einheiten_US
dc.subject.stwWirtschaftsgeschichteen_US
dc.subject.stwDeutschlanden_US
dc.titleWas Germany ever united?: evidence from intra- and international trade 1885 - 1933en_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn584684258en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
Appears in Collections:CESifo Working Papers, CESifo Group Munich

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