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Title:What determines the efficiency of regional innovation systems? PDF Logo
Authors:Fritsch, Michael
Slavtchev, Viktor
Issue Date:2007
Series/Report no.:Jena economic research papers 2007,006
Abstract:We assess the efficiency of regional innovation systems (RIS) in Germany by means of a knowledge production function. This function relates private sector research and development (R&D) activity in a region to the number of inventions that have been registered by residents of that region. Different measures and estimation approaches lead to rather similar assessments. We find that both spillovers within the private sector as well as from universities and other public research institutions have a positive effect on the efficiency of private sector R&D in the respective region. It is not the mere presence and size of public research institutions, but rather the intensity of interactions between private and public sector R&D that leads to high RIS efficiency. We find that relationship between the diversity of a regions’ industry structure and the efficiency of its innovation system is inversely u-shaped. Regions dominated by large establishments tend to be less efficient than regions with a lower average establishment size.
Subjects:Knowledge
innovation
technical efficiency
spillovers
patents
regional analysis
JEL:O31
O18
R12
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:Jena Economic Research Papers, MPI für Ökonomik

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