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dc.contributor.authorBühler, Georgen_US
dc.contributor.authorJochem, Patricken_US
dc.description.abstractIn the European Union (EU) and in Germany the transport sector is the only sector with increasing CO2 emissions (in the EU by about 32 % and in Germany by about 1 % since 1990). Especially in road freight and air transport a further strong increase is forecasted. In the transport sector this might be impeded by avoiding transport (accepting a lower economic growth), shifting modes or in optimizing logistics. Especially the second is mentioned to be an adequate solution to meet the increasing demand for transportation and reducing CO2 emissions simulatneously. It is often stated, that combined transport (mainly truck-train-truck) might be a very CO2 efficient mode. In this article a Logit-Model (based on a survey of 500 German forwarders) is used to determine mode shift potentials of hauliers. The main factors of influence depending on the service provision of the transport modes are frequency of combined transport services, speed, and costs. For an estimation of the corresponding impact on the mode shift and thus potentials of CO2 emission reductions two policy instruments are empirically tested: a further increase of the performance-based heavy vehicle fee (LSVA-Maut) and a hypothetical speeding up of the average speed in freight rail transport to 80 km per hour. Although the modal shift is rather high in the last policy simulation, the impact on CO2 emissions is still small.en_US
dc.publisherZentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung (ZEW) Mannheimen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesZEW Discussion Papers 08-066en_US
dc.subject.keywordFreight Transportsen_US
dc.subject.keywordCO2 Emissionsen_US
dc.subject.keywordMode Shiften_US
dc.subject.keywordCombined Transporten_US
dc.subject.stwUmweltverträgliche Verkehrspolitiken_US
dc.subject.stwWirtschaftspolitische Wirkungsanalyseen_US
dc.subject.stwKombinierter Verkehren_US
dc.titleCO2 Emission Reduction in Freight Transports How to Stimulate Environmental Friendly Behaviour?en_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
Appears in Collections:ZEW Discussion Papers, Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung (ZEW)
Publikationen von Forscherinnen und Forschern des Zentrums für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung (ZEW)

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