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dc.contributor.authorKaiser, Ulrichen_US
dc.contributor.authorGrimpe, Christophen_US
dc.date.accessioned2009-02-16T14:58:39Z-
dc.date.available2009-02-16T14:58:39Z-
dc.date.issued2008en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/24672-
dc.description.abstractDetermining the research and development (R&D) boundaries of the firm as the choice between internal, collaborative and external technology acquisition has since long been a major challenge for firms to secure a continuous stream of innovative products or processes. While research on R&D cooperation or strategic alliances is abundant, little is known about the outsourcing of R&D activities to contract research organizations and its implications for innovation performance. This paper investigates the driving forces of external technology sourcing through contract research based on arguments from transaction cost theory and the resource-based view of the firm. Using a large and comprehensive data set of innovating firms from Germany our findings suggest that technological uncertainty, contractual experience and openness to external knowledge sources motivate the choice for engaging in contract research activities. Moreover, we show that internal and external R&D sourcing are complements: the marginal contribution of internal (external) R&D is the larger the more firms spend on external (internal) R&D.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherZentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung (ZEW) Mannheimen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesZEW Discussion Papers 08-002en_US
dc.subject.jelO32en_US
dc.subject.jelC24en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordContract researchen_US
dc.subject.keywordinnovationen_US
dc.subject.keywordtransaction cost theoryen_US
dc.subject.keywordfirm capabilitiesen_US
dc.subject.stwInnovationen_US
dc.subject.stwIndustrielle Forschungen_US
dc.subject.stwOutsourcingen_US
dc.subject.stwForschungskooperationen_US
dc.subject.stwTransaktionskostenen_US
dc.subject.stwRessourcenorientierter Ansatzen_US
dc.subject.stwDeutschlanden_US
dc.subject.stwAuftragsforschungen_US
dc.titleGains and Pains from Contract Research: A Transaction and Firm-level Perspectiveen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn556667379en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
dc.identifier.repecRePEc:zbw:zewdip:7013-
Appears in Collections:ZEW Discussion Papers
Publikationen von Forscherinnen und Forschern des ZEW

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