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dc.contributor.authorBöhringer, Christophen_US
dc.contributor.authorWelsch, Heinzen_US
dc.contributor.authorLöschel, Andreasen_US
dc.date.accessioned2009-02-16T14:55:24Z-
dc.date.available2009-02-16T14:55:24Z-
dc.date.issued2001en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/24426-
dc.description.abstractThe economic effects of environmental taxes depend on the market structure. Under imperfect competition with free entry and exit, environmental taxes have an impact on economies of scale by changing the number and size of firms. Whether economies of scale rise or fall in a particular industry depends on induced changes in the price elasticity of demand. Because export demand is more price elastic than domestic demand, the overall price elasticity rises (falls) as the industry gains (loses) in comparative advantage. We use a computable general equilibrium model for Germany to examine the effects of a unilaterally introduced carbon tax under both perfect and imperfect competition. Our key finding is that induced structural change in favor of the less energy intensive, more labor intensive industries is more pronounced under imperfect competition than under perfect competition. At the macroeconomic level, the total costs of environmental regulation under imperfect competition can be higher or lower than those under perfect competition depending on whether aggregate gains or losses in economies of scale across imperfectly competitive sectors prevail.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherZentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung (ZEW) Mannheim-
dc.relation.ispartofseriesZEW Discussion Papers 01-07en_US
dc.subject.jelD58en_US
dc.subject.jelD43en_US
dc.subject.jelQ25en_US
dc.subject.jelL13en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordenvironmental taxationen_US
dc.subject.keywordimperfect competitionen_US
dc.subject.keywordstructural changeen_US
dc.subject.stwÖkosteueren_US
dc.subject.stwUmweltabgabeen_US
dc.subject.stwSteuerwirkungen_US
dc.subject.stwFaktorintensitäten_US
dc.subject.stwStrukturwandelen_US
dc.subject.stwSkalenertragen_US
dc.subject.stwKomparativer Kostenvorteilen_US
dc.subject.stwAllgemeines Gleichgewichten_US
dc.subject.stwUnvollkommener Wettbewerben_US
dc.subject.stwOffene Volkswirtschaften_US
dc.subject.stwTheorieen_US
dc.titleEnvironmental taxation and structural change in an open economy: a CGE analysis with imperfect competition and free entryen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn326341390en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
dc.identifier.repecRePEc:zbw:zewdip:5362-
Appears in Collections:Publikationen von Forscherinnen und Forschern des ZEW
ZEW Discussion Papers

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