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Title:What a Difference Immigration Law Makes: PISA Results, Migration Background and Social Mobility in Europe and Traditional Countries of Immigration PDF Logo
Authors:Minoiu, Nicoleta
Entorf, Horst
Issue Date:2004
Series/Report no.:ZEW Discussion Papers 04-17
Abstract:The purpose of this article is to evaluate the importance of social class, migration background and command of national languages for the PISA school performance of teenagers living in European countries (France, Finland, Germany, United Kingdom, and Sweden) and traditional countries of immigration (Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the US). Econometric results show that the influence of the socioeconomic background of parents differs strongly across nations, with the highest impact found for Germany, the UK and US, whereas social mobility is more likely in Scandinavian countries and in Canada. Our empirical results imply that for students with a migration background a key for catching up is the language spoken at home. We conclude that educational policy should focus on integration of immigrant children in schools and preschools, with particular emphasis on language skills at the early stage of childhood.
Subjects:PISA tests
socioeconomic status
social mobility
language skills
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:ZEW Discussion Papers, Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung (ZEW)
Publikationen von Forscherinnen und Forschern des Zentrums für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung (ZEW)

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