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dc.contributor.authorFitzenberger, Bernden_US
dc.contributor.authorBeck, Martinen_US
dc.description.abstractDespite the apparent stability of the wage bargaining institutions in West Germany, aggregate union membership has been declining dramatically since the early 90's. However, aggregate gross membership numbers do not distinguish by employment status and it is impossible to disaggregate these sufficiently. This paper uses four waves of the German Socioeconomic Panel in 1985, 1989, 1993, and 1998 to perform a panel analysis of net union membership among employees. We estimate a correlated random effects probit model suggested in Chamberlain (1984) to take proper account of individual specfic effects. Our results suggest that at the individual level the propensity to be a union member has not changed considerably over time. Thus, the aggregate decline in membership is due to composition effects. We also use the estimates to predict net union density at the industry level based on the IAB employment subsample for the time period 1985 to 1997.en_US
dc.publisherZentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung (ZEW) Mannheim-
dc.relation.ispartofseriesZEW Discussion Papers 03-42en_US
dc.subject.keywordunion membershipen_US
dc.subject.keywordgross and net union densityen_US
dc.subject.keywordcorrelated random effects probit modelen_US
dc.subject.stwGewerkschaftlicher Organisationsgraden_US
dc.subject.stwSektorale Beschäftigungsstrukturen_US
dc.titleChanges in Union Membership Over Time: A Panel Analysis for West Germanyen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
Appears in Collections:ZEW Discussion Papers, Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung (ZEW)
Publikationen von Forscherinnen und Forschern des Zentrums für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung (ZEW)

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