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Title:Non-Negativity of Nominal and Real Riskless Rates, Arbitrage Theory, and the Null-Alternative Cash PDF Logo
Authors:Wilhelm, Jochen
Nietert, Bernhard
Issue Date:2004
Series/Report no.:Passauer Diskussionspapiere, Betriebswirtschaftliche Reihe 11
Abstract:Pragmatic-world nominal riskless rates are non-negative. However, conventional arbitrage theory has yet to develop a theoretical justification of this phenomenon. – We define the null-alternative cash as an investor holding onto cash and refraining from investment and consumption ("doing nothing"); we use the null-alternative cash to prove that both nominal spot and nominal forward rates are non-negative and that prices of zero-coupon bonds do not increase with increasing maturity. In a positive inflation environment, however, both real spot and real forward rates might well become negative, but prices of zero-coupon bonds still do not increase with increasing maturity.
Subjects:arbitrage theory
inflation
non-negativity of spot and forward rates
short selling constraints
JEL:G10
G12
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:Passauer Diskussionspapiere, Betriebswirtschaftliche Reihe, Universität Passau

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