Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/21427
Authors: 
Schneider, Friedrich G.
Year of Publication: 
2002
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion paper series 514
Abstract: 
Using the currency demand and DYMIMIC approaches estimates are presented about the size of the shadow economy in 22 Transition and 21 OECD countries. Over 2001/2002 in 21 OECD countries is the average size of the shadow economy (in percent of official GDP) 16.7% of ?official? GDP and of 22 Transition countries 38.0%. The average size of the shadow economy labor force (in percent of the population of working age) of the year 1998/99 in 7 OECD-countries is 15.3% and in 22 Transition countries is 30.2%. An increasing burden of taxation and social security contributions combined with rising state regulatory activities are the driving forces for the growth and size of the shadow economy (labor force).
Subjects: 
shadow economy
transition economies
tax and social security burden
government regulation
JEL: 
O5
O17
H2
D78
H26
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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