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dc.contributor.authorYemtsov, Ruslanen_US
dc.coverage.temporal1991-1997en_US
dc.date.accessioned2009-01-28T16:19:26Z-
dc.date.available2009-01-28T16:19:26Z-
dc.date.issued2001en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/21101-
dc.description.abstractIn the period of macroeconomic crisis in Georgia between 1991 and1994 the combination of hyperinflation, catastrophic output drop and weak governance, have led to a sharp rise in inequality among households. Sharp inequities have arisen not only between households, but also between regions. This paper gives a picture of the main channels of redistribution and of the main driving forces of income inequality in Georgia, as it emerges from the analysis of the first representative survey of incomes and expenditures of Georgian households in 1996-1997. The paper finds that the level of inequality for money income in Georgia is comparable to highest inequality countries of Latin America (Gini equals 0.6). However, given the degree of informalization and demonetization of the economy, measuring only reported monetary incomes gives a somewhat misleading picture of the living standards. The paper argues that consumption is a much better indicator of welfare, especially in the Georgian context and explores the relationship between income and consumption in the Georgian context. Using consumption, we get the picture that is marked by very clear, though, not as striking inequalities (Gini coefficient of 0.36). Growth has not yet had a strong impact on consumption inequality per se, but we find evidence that during 1996-97 consumption increased at almost all levels of the distribution. During the same period, there was significant income mobility, except for those at the very bottom or the very top of the income distribution. For the latter, economic success appears to be closely associated with labor market status, ownership of productive assets and resulting earnings opportunities. Georgian economy is generating a system of much inequality. The key share of inequality can be attributed to informal incomes (using the decomposition analysis as proposed by Shorrocks). State transfers being reduced to minimum levels do exercise only a slight positive impact on the overall inequality outcomes.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisheren_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesIZA Discussion paper series 252en_US
dc.subject.jelI3en_US
dc.subject.jelJ4en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordReturns to educationen_US
dc.subject.keywordin-kind incomeen_US
dc.subject.keywordpovertyen_US
dc.subject.keywordincome mobilityen_US
dc.subject.keywordunreported incomesen_US
dc.subject.keywordTheil entropy indexen_US
dc.subject.keywordmean log deviation indexen_US
dc.subject.stwEinkommensverteilungen_US
dc.subject.stwVerbraucherausgabenen_US
dc.subject.stwDisparitätsmaßen_US
dc.subject.stwÜbergangswirtschaften_US
dc.subject.stwGeorgienen_US
dc.titleInequality and Income Distribution in Georgiaen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn328962457en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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