Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/21099
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dc.contributor.authorHatton, Timothy J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWilliamson, Jeffrey G.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2009-01-28T16:19:25Z-
dc.date.available2009-01-28T16:19:25Z-
dc.date.issued2001en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/21099-
dc.description.abstractTwo of the main forces driving European emigration in the late nineteenth century were realwage gaps between sending and receiving regions and demographic booms in the low-wagesending regions (directly augmenting the supply of potential movers as well as indirectly makingalready-measured employment conditions less attractive). These two features are even moreprominent in Africa today, but do or can Africans respond to them with the same elasticity as inthe days of ?free? migration? Our new estimates of net migration and labor market performancefor the countries of sub-Saharan Africa suggest that exactly the same forces are at work drivingAfrican across-border migration today. Rapid growth in the cohort of young potential migrants,population pressure on the resource base, and poor economic performance are the main forcesdriving African migration. A century ago, more modest demographic forces in Europe wereaccompanied by strong catching-up economic growth in the low-wage emigrant regions,followed by a slowdown in already-modest demographic growth. Yet, migrations were still mass.In Africa today, economic growth has faltered, its economies have fallen further behind the highwageOECD leaders, and there is a demographic speed up in the making. Our estimatessuggest that the pressure on emigration out of Africa will intensify, manifested in part by agrowing demand for entrance into high-wage OECD labor markets.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisher|aInstitute for the Study of Labor (IZA) |cBonn-
dc.relation.ispartofseries|aIZA Discussion paper series |x250en_US
dc.subject.jelO15en_US
dc.subject.jelF22en_US
dc.subject.jelJ11en_US
dc.subject.jelJ61en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordInternational migrationen_US
dc.subject.keyworddemographic pressureen_US
dc.subject.keywordAfrican populationen_US
dc.subject.stwAuswanderungen_US
dc.subject.stwBevölkerungswachstumen_US
dc.subject.stwWirtschaftswachstumen_US
dc.subject.stwAfrikaen_US
dc.subject.stwEinwanderungen_US
dc.subject.stwOECD-Staatenen_US
dc.titleDemographic and Economic Pressure on Emigration out of Africaen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn841206007en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-

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