EconStor >
Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA), Bonn >
IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA) >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:

http://hdl.handle.net/10419/21099
  

Full metadata record

DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorHatton, Timothy J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWilliamson, Jeffrey G.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2009-01-28T16:19:25Z-
dc.date.available2009-01-28T16:19:25Z-
dc.date.issued2001en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/21099-
dc.description.abstractTwo of the main forces driving European emigration in the late nineteenth century were real wage gaps between sending and receiving regions and demographic booms in the low-wage sending regions (directly augmenting the supply of potential movers as well as indirectly making already-measured employment conditions less attractive). These two features are even more prominent in Africa today, but do or can Africans respond to them with the same elasticity as in the days of ?free? migration? Our new estimates of net migration and labor market performance for the countries of sub-Saharan Africa suggest that exactly the same forces are at work driving African across-border migration today. Rapid growth in the cohort of young potential migrants, population pressure on the resource base, and poor economic performance are the main forces driving African migration. A century ago, more modest demographic forces in Europe were accompanied by strong catching-up economic growth in the low-wage emigrant regions, followed by a slowdown in already-modest demographic growth. Yet, migrations were still mass. In Africa today, economic growth has faltered, its economies have fallen further behind the highwage OECD leaders, and there is a demographic speed up in the making. Our estimates suggest that the pressure on emigration out of Africa will intensify, manifested in part by a growing demand for entrance into high-wage OECD labor markets.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesIZA Discussion paper series 250en_US
dc.subject.jelO15en_US
dc.subject.jelF22en_US
dc.subject.jelJ11en_US
dc.subject.jelJ61en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordInternational migrationen_US
dc.subject.keyworddemographic pressureen_US
dc.subject.keywordAfrican populationen_US
dc.subject.stwAuswanderungen_US
dc.subject.stwBevölkerungswachstumen_US
dc.subject.stwWirtschaftswachstumen_US
dc.subject.stwAfrikaen_US
dc.subject.stwEinwanderungen_US
dc.subject.stwOECD-Staatenen_US
dc.titleDemographic and Economic Pressure on Emigration out of Africaen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn329993089en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat
dp250.pdf231.25 kBAdobe PDF
No. of Downloads: Counter Stats
Show simple item record
Download bibliographical data as: BibTeX

Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.