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dc.contributor.authorFaggio, Giuliaen_US
dc.contributor.authorKonings, Jozefen_US
dc.coverage.temporal1993-1997en_US
dc.date.accessioned2009-01-28T16:19:20Z-
dc.date.available2009-01-28T16:19:20Z-
dc.date.issued2001en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/21090-
dc.description.abstractIn this paper we document and analyse gross job flows in five transition countries, Poland, Estonia, Slovenia, Bulgaria and Romania. Using comparable firm level data over the years 1993- 1997, we find that in early transition job destruction dominates job creation, while the latter is picking up as the country enters into a mature stage of transition. Gross job reallocation rates in the more advanced transition countries are comparable to those of Western economies. We show that the restructuring process is a very heterogeneous one in terms of job creation and destruction: Even in transition countries, hit by very large negative aggregate shocks, we find simultaneous creation and destruction of jobs within narrowly defined sectors, regions and firm types. In addition, we find that most of the job reallocation occurs within sectors and regions, rather than across sectors and regions. We suggest that a measure for restructuring is the excess job reallocation rate and show that the excess job reallocation rate is positively correlated with the net employment growth rate at the sector and regional level. Finally, we find that ownership and firm size are the most relevant characteristics for understanding different cross-sectional patterns of job reallocation. Foreign firms have higher job creation and higher excess job reallocation rates, while small businesses are the most dynamic in terms of job reallocation. We investigate the job reallocation process at the firm level and test for trade orientation, ownership and size effects. The results show that firm growth depends on ownership and initial size. Trade orientation effects are important for countries in early transition but not for countries in a more mature stage of the transition process.en_US
dc.language.isogeren_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesIZA Discussion paper series 242en_US
dc.subject.jelJ6en_US
dc.subject.jelP2en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordJob creationen_US
dc.subject.keywordjob destructionen_US
dc.subject.keywordtransition economiesen_US
dc.subject.stwÜbergangswirtschaften_US
dc.subject.stwBeschäftigungseffekten_US
dc.subject.stwArbeitsmarkten_US
dc.subject.stwWirtschaftliche Anpassungen_US
dc.subject.stwSchätzungen_US
dc.subject.stwPolenen_US
dc.subject.stwEstlanden_US
dc.subject.stwSlowenienen_US
dc.subject.stwBulgarienen_US
dc.subject.stwRumänienen_US
dc.titleJob Creation, Job Destruction and Employment Growth in Transition Countries in the 90'sen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn328962988en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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