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Title:Dynamic Efficiency and Pareto Optimality in a Stochastic OLG Model with Production and Social Security PDF Logo
Authors:Barbie, Martin
Hagedorn, Marcus
Kaul, Ashok
Issue Date:2000
Series/Report no.:IZA Discussion paper series 209
Abstract:We analyze the interaction between risk sharing and capital accumulation in a stochastic OLG model with production. We give a complete characterization of interim Pareto optimality. Our characterization also subsumes equilibria with a PAYG social security system. In a competitive equilibrium interim Pareto optimality is equivalent to intergenerational exchange efficiency, which in turn implies dynamic efficiency. Furthermore, contrary to the case of certainty, dynamic efficiency does not rule out a Pareto-improving role for a social security system. Social security can provide insurance against macroeconomic risk, namely aggregate productivity risk in the second period of life (old age) through dynamic risk sharing. The mechanism through which social security can Pareto-improve market allocations resembles a Ponzi scheme. But instead of rolling over debt, we can interpret our scheme as one that raises contributions and then rolls over an insurance contract.
Subjects:Stochastic OLG Model
Dynamic Efficiency
Interim Pareto Optimality
Social Security
Risk Sharing
JEL:H55
D61
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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