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dc.contributor.authorHansen, Jörgenen_US
dc.contributor.authorLofstrom, Magnusen_US
dc.coverage.temporal1990-1996en_US
dc.date.accessioned2009-01-28T16:17:58Z-
dc.date.available2009-01-28T16:17:58Z-
dc.date.issued1999en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/20935-
dc.description.abstractThis paper analyzes differences in welfare utilization between immigrants and natives in Sweden using a large panel data set, LINDA, for the years 1990 to 1996. Both welfare expenditures and immigration increased in Sweden in the 1990?s. We find that immigrants use welfare to a greater extent than natives and that non-refugee immigrants utilize social assistance less than refugee immigrants. Differences in welfare participation and number of months on welfare between immigrants and natives cannot be explained by observable socioeconomic characteristics. Using a random effects probit model, we find that immigrants lower their participation rates in welfare with time spent in Sweden. Refugees display substantially higher public assistance participation rates upon arrival in Sweden compared to non-refugee immigrants, but they assimilate out-of welfare at a faster rate than non-refugee immigrants. Neither immigrant group is predicted to reach the participation rates of native households within a 20 year period in Sweden. A fixed effects logit model supports these findings. The predicted differences in the length of social assistance spells follow a very similar pattern. Simulations of the move to a national uniform benefits structure in 1998 show a decrease in the participation rate and in expenditures.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisheren_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesIZA Discussion paper series 100en_US
dc.subject.jelJ15en_US
dc.subject.jelI38en_US
dc.subject.jelI30en_US
dc.subject.jelH53en_US
dc.subject.jelJ61en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordWelfareen_US
dc.subject.keywordimmigrationen_US
dc.subject.keywordassimilationen_US
dc.subject.keywordpanel dataen_US
dc.subject.stwMigrantenen_US
dc.subject.stwFlüchtlingeen_US
dc.subject.stwSozialhilfeen_US
dc.subject.stwSoziale Integrationen_US
dc.subject.stwSchätzungen_US
dc.subject.stwSchwedenen_US
dc.titleImmigrant Assimilation and Welfare Participation: Do Immigrants Assimilate Into or Out-of Welfareen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn310665655en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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