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Title:How Equal Are Educational Opportunities? : Family Background and Student Achievement in Europe and the United States PDF Logo
Authors:Woessmann, Ludger
Issue Date:2004
Series/Report no.:IZA Discussion paper series 1284
Abstract:This paper estimates the effects of family-background characteristics on student performance in the US and 17 Western European school systems. Family background has strong effects both in Europe and the United States, remarkably similar in size. France and Flemish Belgium achieve the most equitable performance for students from different family backgrounds, and Britain and Germany the least. Equality of opportunities is unrelated to countries? mean performance. Quantile regressions show little variation in family-background effects across the ability distribution in most countries.
Subjects:equality of opportunity
student performance
family background
TIMSS
equity-efficiency tradeoff
intergenerational mobility
JEL:J62
I21
H52
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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