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Title:Which School Systems Sort Weaker Students into Smaller Classes? International Evidence PDF Logo
Authors:Woessmann, Ludger
West, Martin R.
Issue Date:2003
Series/Report no.:IZA Discussion paper series 744
Abstract:We examine whether the sorting of differently achieving students into differently sized classes results in a regressive or compensatory pattern of class sizes for a sample of national school systems. Sorting effects are identified by subtracting the causal effect of class size on performance from their total correlation. Our empirical results indicate substantial compensatory sorting within and especially between schools in many countries. Only the United States, a country with decentralized education finance and considerable residential mobility, exhibits regressive between-school sorting. Between-school sorting is more compensatory in systems with ability tracking. Within-school sorting is more compensatory when administrators rather than teachers assign students to classrooms.
Subjects:student sorting
class size
educational achievement
JEL:I28
H52
D73
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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