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dc.contributor.authorBollinger, Christopher R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorChandra, Amitabhen_US
dc.description.abstractIn empirical research it is common practice to use sensible rules of thumb for cleaning data. Measurement error is often the justification for removing (trimming) or recoding (winsorizing) observations whose values lie outside a specified range. We consider a general measurement error process that nests many plausible models. Analytic results demonstrate that winsorizing and trimming are only solutions for a narrow class of measurement error processes. Indeed, for the measurement error processes found in most social-science data, such procedures can induce or exacerbate bias, and even inflate the variance estimates. We term this source of bias ?Iatrogenic? (or econometrician induced) error. Monte Carlo simulations and empirical results from the Census PUMS data and 2001 CPS data demonstrate the fragility of trimming and winsorizing as solutions to measurement error in the dependent variable. Even on asymptotic variance and RMSE criteria, we are unable to find generalizable justifications for commonly used cleaning procedures.en_US
dc.publisherInstitute for the Study of Labor (IZA) Bonnen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesIZA Discussion paper series 1093en_US
dc.subject.keywordmeasurement error modelsen_US
dc.subject.stwStatistischer Fehleren_US
dc.titleIatrogenic Specification Error : A Cautionary Tale of Cleaning Dataen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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