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dc.contributor.authorGathmann, Christinaen_US
dc.date.accessioned2009-01-28T16:12:39Z-
dc.date.available2009-01-28T16:12:39Z-
dc.date.issued2004en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/20239-
dc.description.abstractThis paper analyzes how enforcement along the U.S.-Mexican border has affected the market for migrant smugglers. Using a unique dataset that links border crossing histories from illegal Mexican migrants to aggregate enforcement and punishment statistics, we find that the effect of enforcement on smuggling prices is small. Though enforcement has more than tripled over the past fifteen years, smuggling prices have increased by at most 30 percent. Unlike estimates from illegal drugs, the demand for border smugglers is however price elastic. We also show that illegal migrants have switched from heavily patrolled areas to more remote and dangerous crossing routes. These avoidance costs are in fact three times the direct costs of enforcement on smuggling prices.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisheren_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesIZA Discussion paper series 1004en_US
dc.subject.jelK42en_US
dc.subject.jelJ61en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordenforcementen_US
dc.subject.keywordillegal migrationen_US
dc.subject.keywordMexicoen_US
dc.subject.stwIllegale Einwanderungen_US
dc.subject.stwEinwanderungsrechten_US
dc.subject.stwRechtsdurchsetzungen_US
dc.subject.stwPreisen_US
dc.subject.stwKriminalitätsökonomiken_US
dc.subject.stwSchätzungen_US
dc.subject.stwGrenzgebieten_US
dc.subject.stwMexikoen_US
dc.subject.stwVereinigte Staatenen_US
dc.titleThe Effects of Enforcement on Illegal Markets: Evidence from Migrant Smuggling along the Southwestern Borderen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn378242717en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
Appears in Collections:IZA Discussion Papers, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)

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