Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/20031
Authors: 
Bertrand, Marianne
Kramarz, Francis
Year of Publication: 
2002
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion paper series 415
Abstract: 
Are product market and entry regulation key sources of low employment growth in many European countries? We investigate this question in the context of the French retail trade industry. Since 1974, approval by regional zoning boards has been required for the creation or extension of any large retail store in France. We exploit a unique database that provides time and region specific variation in boards? approval decisions. We show that stronger deterrence of entry by the boards, and the increase in large retail chains? concentration it induced, slowed down employment growth in France.
Subjects: 
Zoning regulation
retail trade
employment
JEL: 
L81
J23
L43
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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