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dc.contributor.authorNoorderhaven, Nielsen_US
dc.contributor.authorThurik, A. Royen_US
dc.contributor.authorWennekers, Sanderen_US
dc.contributor.authorvan Stel, André J.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2009-01-28T16:09:52Z-
dc.date.available2009-01-28T16:09:52Z-
dc.date.issued2004en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/19956-
dc.description.abstractThis paper deals with explaining the sizable differences in the rate of self-employment (business ownership) across 15 European countries in the period 1978-2000, within a framework of occupational choice, focusing on the influence of dissatisfaction and of per capita income. Using two different measures of dissatisfaction, in addition to the level of economic development and controlling for several other variables, we find that, in addition to a negative and significant impact of per capita income, dissatisfaction at the level of societies has a positive and significant influence on self-employment levels. Both dissatisfaction with life and dissatisfaction with the way democracy works are found to influence self-employment. It is concluded that these are proxies for job dissatisfaction and at the same time represent other negative 'displacements' known to promote self-employment. The findings indirectly point at the potential importance of push factors within the incentive structures of modern economies.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesPapers on entrepreneurship, growth and public policy 1104en_US
dc.subject.jelM13en_US
dc.subject.jelZ1en_US
dc.subject.jelO57en_US
dc.subject.jelP52en_US
dc.subject.jelO11en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordcomparative analysis of economiesen_US
dc.subject.keywordcultural economiesen_US
dc.subject.keywordentrepreneurshipen_US
dc.subject.keywordmacroeconomic analyses of economic developmenten_US
dc.subject.stwSelbstständigeen_US
dc.subject.stwLebensqualitäten_US
dc.subject.stwMeinungen_US
dc.subject.stwSozialprodukten_US
dc.subject.stwVergleichen_US
dc.subject.stwEuropaen_US
dc.subject.stwLebenszufriedenheiten_US
dc.titleThe role of dissatisfaction and per capita income in explaining self-employment across 15 European countriesen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn384926274en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
Appears in Collections:Discussion Papers on Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy, MPI für Ökonomik

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