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dc.contributor.authorSari, Agusen_US
dc.date.accessioned2009-01-28T15:57:08Z-
dc.date.available2009-01-28T15:57:08Z-
dc.date.issued2005en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/19301-
dc.description.abstractThe US has repeatedly criticized the lack of ?meaningful participation? of developing countries in the Kyoto Protocol. I discuss the course of negotiations on developing country participation between the conferences at Kyoto in 1997 and Marrakech in 2001. The reluctance of developing countries to enter into discussions on quantitative emissions targets can be explained by the principle of ?common, but differentiated responsibilities? enshrined in the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and the fact that both per capita cumulative emissions and per capita income are still much lower in developing countries than in the industrialized world. Moreover, the Clean Development Mechanism that generates emissions credits for projects in developing countries clearly has led to a participation of developing countries in greenhouse gas mitigation. However, one major problem for the negotiation strategy of developing countries has been the internal diversity ranging from OPEC countries that actively fight climate policy to the small island states extremely vulnerable to sea level rise. Especially the rapidly industrializing countries China, India, Brazil and Indonesia played a key role, stressing their voluntary activities to reduce energy intensity and subsidies for fossil fuels. Least developed countries were unable to muster a common voice. Thus, it was not possible to leverage resources for adaptation to climate change impacts apart from some voluntary pledges.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisheren_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesHWWA Discussion Paper 333en_US
dc.subject.jelQ54en_US
dc.subject.jelQ56en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordInternational climate policyen_US
dc.subject.keywordKyoto Protocolen_US
dc.subject.keyworddeveloping countriesen_US
dc.subject.stwKlimaschutzen_US
dc.subject.stwUmweltabkommenen_US
dc.subject.stwClean Development Mechanismen_US
dc.subject.stwEntwicklungsländeen_US
dc.titleDeveloping Country Participation: The Kyoto-Marrakech Politicsen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn504387669en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
dc.identifier.repecRePEc:zbw:hwwadp:26302-
Appears in Collections:HWWA Discussion Paper, Hamburgisches Welt-Wirtschafts-Archiv

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