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ifo Institut – Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München >
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dc.contributor.authorMauzerall, Denise L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSultan, Babaren_US
dc.contributor.authorKim, Namsougen_US
dc.contributor.authorBradford, David F.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2009-01-28T15:53:01Z-
dc.date.available2009-01-28T15:53:01Z-
dc.date.issued2005en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/18806-
dc.description.abstractWe present a proof-of-concept analysis of the measurement of the health damage of ozone (O3) produced from nitrogen oxides (NOx = NO + NO2) emitted by individual large point sources in the eastern United States. We use a regional atmospheric model of the eastern United States, the Comprehensive Air Quality Model with eXtensions (CAMx), to quantify the variable impact that a fixed quantity of NOx emitted from individual sources can have on the downwind concentration of surface O3, depending on temperature and local biogenic hydrocarbon emissions. We also examine the dependence of resulting ozone-related health damages on the size of the exposed population. The investigation is relevant to the increasingly widely used ?cap and trade? approach to NOx regulation, which presumes that shifts of emissions over time and space, holding the total fixed over the course of the summer O3 season, will have minimal effect on the environmental outcome. By contrast, we show that a shift of a unit of NOx emissions from one place or time to another could result in large changes in resulting health effects due to ozone formation and exposure. We indicate how the type of modeling carried out here might be used to attach externality-correcting prices to emissions. Charging emitters fees that are commensurate with the damage caused by their NOx emissions would create an incentive for emitters to reduce emissions at times and in locations where they cause the largest damage.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesCESifo working papers 1442en_US
dc.subject.jelH1en_US
dc.subject.jelQ5en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordsurface ozoneen_US
dc.subject.keywordNOx emissionsen_US
dc.subject.keywordpoint sourcesen_US
dc.subject.keywordhealth impactsen_US
dc.subject.keywordmortalityen_US
dc.subject.keywordmorbidityen_US
dc.subject.keywordcap-and-tradeen_US
dc.subject.stwGesundheitsrisikoen_US
dc.subject.stwStickoxiden_US
dc.subject.stwOzonen_US
dc.subject.stwIndustrielle Umweltbelastungen_US
dc.subject.stwUmweltplanungen_US
dc.subject.stwUmweltabgabeen_US
dc.subject.stwVereinigte Staatenen_US
dc.titleCharging NOx emitters for health damages : an exploratory analysisen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn485162466en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
Appears in Collections:CESifo Working Papers, CESifo Group Munich

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