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Title:Does educational tracking affect performance and inequality? Differences-in-differences evidence across countries PDF Logo
Authors:Hanushek, Eric Alan
Woessmann, Ludger
Issue Date:2005
Series/Report no.:CESifo working papers 1415
Abstract:Even though some countries track students into differing-ability schools by age 10, others keep their entire secondary-school system comprehensive. To estimate the effects of such institutional differences in the face of country heterogeneity, we employ an international differences-in-differences approach. We identify tracking effects by comparing differences in outcome between primary and secondary school across tracked and non-tracked systems. Six international student assessments provide eight pairs of achievement contrasts for between 18 and 26 cross-country comparisons. The results suggest that early tracking increases educational inequality. While less clear, there is also a tendency for early tracking to reduce mean performance. Therefore, there does not appear to be any equity-efficiency trade-off.
Subjects:tracking
streaming
ability grouping
selectivity
comprehensive school system
educational performance
inequality
JEL:I2
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:CESifo Working Papers, CESifo Group Munich

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