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http://hdl.handle.net/10419/18374
  

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dc.contributor.authorBeck, Jonathanen_US
dc.contributor.authorGrajek, Michałen_US
dc.contributor.authorWey, Christianen_US
dc.coverage.temporal1981-1996en_US
dc.date.accessioned2009-01-28T15:43:02Z-
dc.date.available2009-01-28T15:43:02Z-
dc.date.issued2005en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/18374-
dc.description.abstractThis paper presents a set of panel data to study the diffusion of retail checkout barcode scanning in ten European countries over the period 1981-1996. Estimates from a standard diffusion model suggest that countries differ most in the long-run diffusion level of barcode scanning and less in timing or diffusion speed. We present evidence that the emergence of hypermarkets raises competitive intensity and use hypermarket data, among other variables, in a pooled estimation. Results suggest that hypermarket competition reduces long-run adoption of information technology (IT) in retailing. In particular, the emergence of hypermarkets seems to deepen retail segmentation by inducing potential adopters (e.g. supermarkets) to exit the market and/or by discouraging adoption by other retail formats. Consistent with expectations, scale and income effects spur IT diffusion and there is a classic substitution effect: when wages rise, diffusion of a labor-saving technology such as barcode scanning is more intense. We do not find a significant impact of employment protection legislation.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherDeutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW) Berlinen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesDIW-Diskussionspapiere 523en_US
dc.subject.jelO33en_US
dc.subject.jelL81en_US
dc.subject.jelL5en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordIT diffusionen_US
dc.subject.keywordretail competitionen_US
dc.subject.keywordhypermarketsen_US
dc.subject.stwBarcodeen_US
dc.subject.stwEinzelhandelen_US
dc.subject.stwSB-Centeren_US
dc.subject.stwWettbewerben_US
dc.subject.stwInnovationsdiffusionen_US
dc.subject.stwPanelen_US
dc.subject.stwEU-Staatenen_US
dc.titleHypermarket Competition and the Diffusion of Retail Checkout Barcode Scanningen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn504314203en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
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DIW-Diskussionspapiere

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