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dc.contributor.authorWelsch, Heinzen_US
dc.date.accessioned2009-01-28T15:39:29Z-
dc.date.available2009-01-28T15:39:29Z-
dc.date.issued2003en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10419/18117-
dc.description.abstractThe relationship between per capita income and a number of pollution indicators has been found to display an inverted U-shaped or downward-sloping pattern. Corruption may affect this relationship in two distinct ways: by raising pollution at given income levels (direct effect) and by reducing per capita income (indirect effect). The total effect is ambiguous a priori. Using cross section data for several indicators of pollution, the paper estimates the direct and the indirect effect of corruption on pollution. The indirect effect via income is positive or negative depending on the income level. If negative, the indirect effect is dominated by the positive direct effect. Overall, our measures of pollution are monotonically increasing in corruption. Because this relationship is particularly strong at low income levels, developing countries can considerably improve both their economic and environmental performance by reducing corruption.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherDeutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW) Berlinen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesDIW-Diskussionspapiere 357en_US
dc.subject.jelO1en_US
dc.subject.jelK4en_US
dc.subject.jelQ2en_US
dc.subject.ddc330en_US
dc.subject.keywordcorruptionen_US
dc.subject.keywordgrowthen_US
dc.subject.keywordpollutionen_US
dc.subject.keywordenvironmental Kuznets curveen_US
dc.subject.stwUmweltbelastungen_US
dc.subject.stwWirtschaftswachstumen_US
dc.subject.stwSozialprodukten_US
dc.subject.stwKorruptionen_US
dc.subject.stwUmweltschutzen_US
dc.subject.stwTheorieen_US
dc.subject.stwWelten_US
dc.titleCorruption, Growth, and the Environment : A Cross-Country Analysisen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.identifier.ppn377776823en_US
dc.rightshttp://www.econstor.eu/dspace/Nutzungsbedingungen-
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Publikationen von Forscherinnen und Forschern des DIW

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